Tiger

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Sumatran Tiger 2Sumatran Tiger 2Kansas City Zoo in Kansas City, Missouri

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Taxonomy (SCIENTIFIC CLASSIFICATION)

CLASS: Mammalia (Mammals)

ORDER: Carnivora (Carnivores)

FAMILY: Felidae (Cats)

GENUS/Species: Panthera tigris

Different Sub-species of Tigers in Existence:

Amur (Siberian) Panthera tigris altaica

Bengal- Panthera tigris tigris

Indochinese- Panthera tigris corbetti

Malayan Tiger- Panthera tigris jacksoni

South China- Panthera tigris amoyensis

Sumatran- Panthera tigris sumatrae 

Bengal Tiger 14Bengal Tiger 14Tanganyika Wildlife Park in Goddard, Kansas

LIFE SPAN:  Tigers, on average, live between 10 - 15 years in the wild. On rare occasions, they have been known to live up to 26 years in the wild.

HABITAT: Tigers are native to Asia, and historically their population was distributed throughout most of this continent and in several adjoining islands as well. However, throughout the last century, the population of Tigers has been dramatically reduced. Presently, Tigers only exist in the wild in Southeast Asia, India, parts of Russian, western China, and the island of Sumatra.

DIET: Tigers are carnivores (meat eaters) who primarily feed on large mammals such as deerwild pigsantelope, and buffalo.

Amur Tiger 2Amur Tiger 2St. Louis Zoo in St. Louis, Missouri

FUN FACTS

A male Tiger is called a tiger

A female Tiger is called a tigress

A young Tiger is called a cub or whelp

A group of Tigers (a rare occurrence as Tigers are primarily solitary animals) is called an ambush or streak

Tigers are the largest wild cats in the world. Adults can weigh more than 800 pounds and measure up to 10 feet.

Tigers typically live solitary lives and do not remain in permanent groups like lions do. Generally, Tigers live by themselves except when females are raising their cubs.

Adult Tigers can consume up to 88 pounds of meat in one meal and will often stay with their kill or bury it so that they can return and feed off of their game for a period of days. Tigers may not kill again for 4-5 days. It's estimated that Tigers are only successful about 1 in every 10 to 20 attempts when they are hunting.

Tigers, unlike most big cats, are powerful swimmers who have been known to swim great lengths to hunt or cross rivers. Tiger cubs often play in the water, and adult Tigers will frequently relax in streams or lakes to cool off during the heat of the day.

No two tigers have the same stripes. The tigers’ stripe patterns are unique to each individual animal- like a human fingerprint!

White Tigers are not a separate subspecies nor are they albinos. Rather, they are the result of a recessive gene that’s been passed down from each of their parents that affects the Tigers’ pigmentation.

Bengal Tiger 10Bengal Tiger 10Wild Animal Safari in Strafford, Missouri

CONSERVATION STATUS

According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species, the conservation status of Tigers is as follows:

Amur (Siberian) – Endangered

Bengal- Endangered

Indochinese- Endangered

Malayan Tiger- Critically Endangered

South China- Critically Endangered

Sumatran- Critically Endangered

This means that the different sub-species of Tigers are facing a serious risk or an extremely serious risk of becoming extinct in the wild.

Poaching is the primary threat to the existence of Tigers. The illegal trade in high-value Tiger products such as skins, meat, bones, and tonics has caused the recent disappearance of Tigers from a significant portion of their previous habitats.

Additionally, dense populations and rapid development throughout large segments of Asia have been placing a great deal of pressure on Tiger populations. The conversion of forest lands into farms, commercial logging areas, and human settlements is causing Tigers to lose their habitats as well as the large prey base they need to remain healthy that previously lived in those settled lands.

Moreover, Tiger attacks on livestock and people are creating an intolerance of Tigers in neighboring communities. This issue is presenting ongoing challenges to wildlife managers as they work to build local support for Tiger conservation. This matter is also leading to the retaliatory killing of a great number of Tigers by the aggrieved people.

Sumatran Tiger 19Sumatran Tiger 19Kansas City Zoo in Kansas City, Missouri

WHAT CAN I DO TO HELP TIGERS?

Educate yourself about Tigers and their circumstances by reviewing the materials presented below in the Resources section and other materials you may be able to find on your own.

Post messages on social media platforms such as Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram and send emails to your family and friends expressing your concern for the plight of the Tigers and encouraging them to become involved as well.

Write letters to your elected officials in Washington DC, to leaders in nations where Tigers live, and to leaders in non-governmental organizations (NGO’s) that work in the fields of wildlife conservation and wildlife management explaining why the conservation of Tigers is important to you and encouraging these officials to work to help keep Tigers from ever becoming extinct in the wild.

Help to improve the environment around you and around the world by working to reduce, recycle, and reuse. This will help eliminate waste and will greatly improve the world in which we all live.

And when you shop at Joe’s Cowtown Photos, you can designate Tiger-centric programs and initiatives such as the World Wildlife Fund’s Adopt a Tiger Program, the National Geographic Society’s Big Cats Initiative, and Panthera’s Save the Tiger Fund as the beneficiary of the charitable portion of your purchase. (For more information on Joe’s Cowtown Photos charitable giving program, Cowtown Photos Cares!, click here.)

Bengal Tiger 11Bengal Tiger 11Henry Doorly Zoo in Omaha, Nebraska

RESOURCES

Science Kids: Fun Tiger Facts for Kids

National Geographic Kids: 10 Tiger Facts

Reference.com: What is a Male Tiger Called?

Animal Planet.com: 21 Surprising Tiger Facts Prove These Big Cats are Amazing

Tigers World

The IUCN’s Red List of Threatened Species Tiger page

The IUCN’s Red List of Threatened Species Amur Tiger page

The IUCN’s Red List of Threatened Species South China Tiger page

The IUCN’s Red List of Threatened Species Indochinese Tiger page

The IUCN’s Red List of Threatened Species Malayan Tiger page

The IUCN’s Red List of Threatened Species Sumatran Tiger page

The IUCN’s Red List of Threatened Species Bengal Tiger page

Amur Tiger 5Amur Tiger 5St. Louis Zoo in St. Louis, Missouri

Credits

The information provided in this Animal Info page was compiled by Joe Hoffman (St. Pius X Elementary School Class of 1986 and Founder/Owner of Joe’s Cowtown Photos) and was proof-read and edited by Anita Striegel (Retired 8th Grade Teacher from St. Pius X Elementary School- Joe’s former teacher!)

 

To access the Animal Info main page, click here!